Before we came to live here Astana was just a name on a map – a remote capital under the achingly beautiful blue sky in the middle of the endless Central Asian Steppe. Remote Astana may be but it is also vibrant, modern and beautiful.
As part of the Piri-Piri Lexicon 'show me around your neighbourhood' world tour I am writing about our daily life in Astana.
Astana is the second coldest capital in the world – the temperature drops below freezing in November and the city is frozen until March. Temperatures of between -20 and -32 Celsius are common and it is not unknown for the temperature to drop below -45. Add the windchill factor from the fierce, ceaseless northern winds and the actual temperature is enough to freeze the car exhaust fumes as the cars drive.
The City freezes in November and remains frozen for five months.
The cold temperatures mean there is no freeze thaw cycle so the
snow remains clean and beautiful. The winter skies are often clear and blue.
Astana is, however a dichotomy, a city of opposites. While our winters may be brutal we bask in a beautifully warm summer. Once the temperature warms up the flower beds bloom in a profusion of colours and walks in the park become heady with their scent. Fountains are all over the place, providing a cooling respite from a walk through the city.
Beautiful, fragrant flower beds are laid out in tengrist (ancient religious) patterns.
Getting around can be a challenge, particularly in the winter when the temperature drops. Public Buses are frequent and warm but the wait can be cold. Most people prefer to hitch-hike with a gypsy cab - a great way to practice Russian and Kazakh skills. We bit the bullet and bought our own car which makes life much easier.
|Any car can become a cab - just stick your hand out and wait for someone|
to stop. Rides cost about $2.
Our children go to British Independent school Haileybury Astana here in Kazakhstan and there are several other international schools including an American School and a Turkish School. Local schools are found throughout the city and pupils are educated from the age of 7. The Schools tend to be large, low buildings designed around functionality for the extreme weather. Local schools will close if the weather gets too bad - this is to make sure that children (who often walk to school) are not out in very cold weather. The temperature at which children must stay at home varies depending on age.
Shopping in Astana can be has high end or as low end as you wish - all the prestigious malls have supermarkets and they make for an easy one stop shop, particularly for dry ingredients. Supermarkets, however high end, are not, however, the best place to find fresh ingredients, particularly vegetables. When I need to buy fresh produce I tend to visit one of the covered bazaars in the old (right bank) part of town. My particular favourite place is Artyum a five floor emporium. The ground floor has a good selection of stalls selling fresh fruit and vegetables, dried fruit, pulses and spices. The shops on the upper floors sell everything from household equipment to sporting goods, coats to lingerie and dogfood to furniture.
|Stall holders in Artyum display their wares.|
|Produce is always artfully displayed.|
Astana is being built before our eyes – go away for a month and construction will have started on a new building. The right bank of the River Ishim comprises the original town but the left bank is the bustling centre of the new metropolis. Wide boulevards are lined with prestigious apartment complexes and statement architecture.
New buildings spring up every few months –
the ‘Death Star’ is to be the new National Library.
The skyline of part of the left bank of Astana – cranes are a constant presence
in the city as something is always being built. Most buildings are commercial
on the lower floors with apartment accommodation above.
|Typical apartment buildings as seen from the Baiterek.|
School 66, a local high school, is seen in the mid distance.
|A typical summer entertainment complex in a park -|
electric cars are very popular and can be hired for five
minutes at a time.
Even in the winter intrepid children can be seen climbing and swinging on the equipment or building a small ice slide but the cold is too intense to stay out for very long. For this reason covered playgrounds are very common and the malls will give over a large amount of space to indoor entertainment complexes. One mall has a climbing wall and arcade, the Khan Shatyr has an animatronic dinosaur park, a monorail and a log flume not to mention dodgems and many smaller rides. It also has an indoor beach complete with water slides and a beach volleyball court.
|Astana's indoor beach at the top of the Khan Shatyr|
we can relax by the beach even in a -40 blizzard.
|The climbing wall is a popular attraction at one of the malls.|
|Astana is a very young city with a high birth rate - almost|
all malls will have a toddler friendly soft play where children
can let off steam over the winter.
|If you get bored of using the treadmill in the winter the Khan|
Shatyr has an indoor running track along the edge where
willing victims can excercise in full view of the shoppers.
N.B. we have never yet seen anyone brave enough to use it.
The main boulevard on the left bank runs from West to East. The centre of the boulevard is a pedestrianized garden walkway allowing people to promenade from the Khan Shatyr (a Norman Foster designed gigantic tent containing a shopping centre, amusement park, beach complex and restaurants) all the way down to the Ak Orda – the Kazakh White House. Along the way you walk past the new Astana Opera House, Government ministries in the shape of salt and pepper pots, a concert hall built in the shape of a Dombyra (the national instrument), or a tulip depending on who you talk to and various spectacular skyscrapers.
Norman Foster’s giant tent the Khan Shatyr (the tent of the King) dominates the
western end of the city. The tent houses a shopping centre, restaurant court,
supermarket, theme park, cinema and beach with swimming pools and waterslides.
Pedestrians relax in the gardens leading to the Ak Orda (the Palace of the President).
The golden pepper pots are government ministries.
|Designed by Manfredo Nicoletti in the shape of a Dombyra or a tulip|
the beautiful concert hall on the banks of the river is one of
Astana's many cultural venues.
In the centre of the boulevard pedestrians find themselves at the Baiterek monument. The structure is an allegory of a Kazakh myth – representing a tree in which a magic bird lays an egg to protect it from a voracious dragon. The white ‘tree’ is topped by a huge golden egg which contains a viewing platform giving unparalleled 360 degree views of the growing city. The bar/restaurant serves drinks and snacks and is the perfect place to relax and watch the sun set over Astana and the Steppe beyond.
The Baiterek – the monument in the centre of the left bank. The photograph shows
the Baiterek lit up for the Nauruz (Persian New Year) celebrations.
|The Baiterek is surrounded by tree lined gardens and dominates|
the centre of the Left Bank.
From the observation deck it is possible to spot almost all of Astana’s statement buildings. The government complexes are a short walk away, further away towards the airport the sporting complexes stand out on the edge of the city – the football stadium with the roof that can be closed for the winter, the ice palace and the velodrome built in the shape of a bicycle helmet. Closer in to the centre of the city is the Triumph of Astana a modern (and vast) take on the Moscow Seven Sisters, Mega, the shopping centre shaped like a doughnut, the flying saucer that houses the circus, the sombrero that houses the palace of children and the building shaped like a pot within which there is a restaurant and music hall.
The ‘flying saucer’ houses the Astana circus – a popular place
for families to go and enjoy their weekends. More apartment buildings
are seen behind.
From the Baiterek it is also possible to see over to the other side of the river. In another large and very beautiful park is another Norman Foster creation, the Pyramid Palace of Peace and Reconciliation where Kazakhstan hosts a triennial meeting of the leaders of world religions down to the Kazakh Eli national monument and the Academy of Music that everyone calls ‘the Dog Bowl’ because it is, well, shaped exactly like a dog’s bowl.
Norman Foster’s Pyramid of Peace and Reconciliation dominates the park
across the river from the Ak Orda. The Pyramid houses an art gallery,
library, café, museum, souvenir shop, conference centre and concert hall.
This giant ‘dog bowl’ houses the National Music Academy.
I love visiting the Baiterek because it allows me to enjoy the whole city. When my feet are firmly on the ground, however, I love nothing better than to walk along the river Ishim. In the summer wide boulevards are the favourite haunts of courting couples, fitness fanatics, skateboarding children, proud parents pushing prams and just about everyone in between. The river is calm and heavily managed, people fish or swim along the edges while pleasure boats take tours down the centre, there is even a rowing club.
|The wide embankments are the perfect for promenading|
the river gives a different perspective on Astana.
In the winter, however, the river freezes solid very early on and is used as another pleasure park. Ice rinks will be set up at various points and the city builds vertiginous and very fast ice slides down the embankments. Snow mobiles power up the centre of the river’s course while cross country skiers enjoy their exercise. Come February there is an ice rally – the sinuous and slippery course testing the skills of even the best drivers.
|The river becomes an ice playground in the winter time.|
I hope you have enjoyed the tour of Astana. If you enjoyed it you can read more entries in the series here.
Click on the picture for more posts on life in Kazakhstan.
Click on the picture for more posts on life in Kazakhstan.